Drs. M. Gotchey, L. Meyring, N. Daughenbaugh & N. Stiff
24 Hr On- Call Emergency Services Available!
1878 Lincoln Ave. 
Steamboat Springs, CO 80487
Phone: 970-879-1041
Fax: 970-879-1506
E-mail: stbtvet@yahoo.com

Steamboat Veterinary Hospital

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Canine Vaccine Description and Schedule

Vaccination is the single most important investment that you can make in your dog’s future good health. The following are diseases for which we routinely vaccinate: 


Canine Distemper Virus: 
Distemper is a severe viral disease that affects many of a dog’s organ systems. This disease can cause severe permanent brain damage and many other clinical problems including vomiting, diarrhea, and severe secondary infections. An airborne virus causes distemper. Treatment for advanced stages of the disease is usually not effective. 


Canine Hepatitis: 
Hepatitis in dogs is caused by the Canine Adenovirus. Infectious hepatitis causes severe liver damage, vomiting, diarrhea and death. Treatment requires intensive nursing care, which includes hospitalization and IV fluids. The virus is spread from dog to dog via coughs and sneezes. 


Canine Kennel Cough/ Bordatella: 
Infectious Tracheobronchitis, or “Kennel Cough” can be caused by several viral and bacterial agents, and can be found anywhere dogs frequent. The Bordatella bacterium and the parainfluenza virus are the most common causes of kennel cough. This disease is usually not serious, but can lead to a chronic and persistent cough. Cough suppressants or other supportive therapy can be used to relieve discomfort. Kennel Cough can cause pneumonia and death in severe cases. 


Canine Parvovirus: 
Canine parvovirus or parvo is a highly contagious viral disease infecting dogs. Young and unvaccinated dogs have higher susceptibility to the disease. Parvo causes a very severe gastroenteritis that is highly contagious and can cause severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea. Parvo is spread via direct contact with feces, saliva and environmental contamination. The disease is difficult and expensive to treat and usually fatal without treatment. 


Canine Leptospirosis: 
Leptospirosis is a disease caused by infection with Leptospira bacteria. These bacteria can be found worldwide in soil and water. There are many strains of Leptospira bacteria that can cause disease. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, which means it can be spread from animals to people. Infection in people can cause flu-like symptoms and can cause liver or kidney disease. In the United States, most cases of human leptospirosis result from recreational activities involving water. Infection resulting from contact with an infected pet is much less common, but it is possible.



Rabies Virus: 
Rabies is 100% fatal to dogs and other mammals and there is no treatment. Rabies can infect people as well if bitten by an infected animal. You are required by law to have your dog vaccinated for rabies by a licensed veterinarian. A puppy should have its first rabies vaccination at 12 -16 weeks of age.


Parasites to consider:

Heartworms: 
A heartworm is a parasitic worm that lives in the heart and pulmonary arteries. The worm(s) travel through the bloodstream, harming arteries and vital organs, ending their journey at the vessels of the lung and heart chamber. Heartworms are transmitted from animal to animal by mosquitoes. Some symptoms of heartworms include labored breathing, coughing, vomiting, weight loss and fatigue. 

Worms: 

Roundworms: 
The most common internal parasites in cats. Resembling spaghetti, adult worms are three to four inches long. Roundworms are transmitted by cats ingesting an infected rodent or the feces of an infected cat. Roundworms are extremely common parasites in dogs. Almost all dogs have roundworms at some point in their lives—most often as a puppy. Adult roundworms live in the dog’s intestinal tract, where they feed on partially digested food. The worms can cause undernourishment, which can be especially of concern in a small puppy. Younger dogs are especially vulnerable to roundworms because their immune systems are not fully mature yet and they aren’t able to fight off the adult worms as effectively as an adult dog can.

Hookworms: 
Similar to roundworms but smaller, are found in the small intestine of dogs and cats. Hookworms feed on blood and are more common in dogs than cats.

Tapeworms: 
Segmented parasites that range from four to twenty-eight inches long. Tapeworms are transmitted by ingesting fleas. Some symptoms of tapeworms are vomiting and weight loss. 

Fleas: 
Fleas feed on the blood of their host and can cause anemia. This is very problematic for young puppies because an inadequate number of red blood cells can be life threatening. A flea's life span can range from 16 days to 21 months and thrive at temperatures of 65-80 degrees. Signs a dog/cat has fleas are excessive scratching, licking or biting at the skin, hair loss, scabs and hot spots, and pale gums. Dog's and cat's most prone to fleas live in warm, humid climates and live outdoors.